Explainer: What Is The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty?

Experts say that Washington’s signature on the document could be the treaty’s watershed moment. The United States is the world’s largest arms dealer. So U.S. support and ratification of the accord is essential to its success. According to Daryl Kimball, executive director of the Washington-based Arms Control Association, formal support from the United States gives the treaty the potential to change the very nature of the global arms trade. “The United States already has a very robust set of standards and export controls,” he says. “This treaty essentially internationalizes the U.S. system and lays down some prohibitions on the transfer of conventional weapons. And this treaty will require all states to establish export laws, to enforce those export laws, and to abide by a common set of standards.” What types of conventional weapons deals does the Arms Trade Treaty seek to regulate? Conventional weapons covered by the UN Arms Trade Treaty include tanks and other armored combat vehicles, artillery, attack helicopters, naval warships, missiles and missile launchers, and small arms. It also establishes common international standards for the regulation of the international trade in ammunition, weapons parts, and arms components. The treaty does not regulate the domestic sale or use of weapons in any country. It also recognizes the legitimacy of the arms trade to enable states to provide for their own security.

United Nations chief calls on countries to ‘stop fueling the bloodshed’ in Syria

No one cares for the bully on the playground, especially if the bully has nuclear warheads, conventional weapons and a proclivity for bombing countries. Solving the worlds problems isnt the role of the United States and acting militarily isnt the answer unless American interests are threatened directly. For decades, the U.S. has placed weapons in the hands of ruthless monarchies and autocrats in countries such as the Middle East, Latin America and Asia. When foreign governments seek assistance in controlling their population many times its by using weapons provided from the United States. Acting as the global police undermines the sovereignty of another country and not allowing another country the same rights to privacy, freedom and justice creates unwanted conflict. Americas overzealous tendency to bomb the shit out of everyone stems from arrogance and ignorance . The arrogance for believing the U.S. is the only country that matters in a global economy and ignorance for not understanding the cultural dynamic of other countries. A lack of education leads to a parochial and ill-informed America unable to render decisions based on diplomacy instead they resort to bombs like a bully who doesnt get their way. America is a super power both militarily and economically and protecting its global interests requires an approach that serves not only its best interests but is also sensitive to the needs of others in a global community. Bombing countries into submission will surely create more enemies and hostility in the world than it will bring about peace, lasting relationships and trust from other sovereign nations.

For The United States diplomacy can’t begin with a bomb

The only answer is a political settlement, he told world leaders. Bans appeal came as the United States and Russia haggled over a Security Council resolution to back an agreement for Assad to give up chemical weapons. I look forward to the imminent adoption of an enforceable Security Council resolution on chemical weapons, Ban said. This should be followed immediately by humanitarian action, he said. US Secretary of State John Kerry was to meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov later in New York on Tuesday to discuss the UN resolution and their joint chemical disarmament plan. A top Russian diplomat said that the resolution could be enforced under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Russia had earlier accused the United States and its allies of using blackmail at the United Nations by seeking approval for military force. Ban voiced hope for progress in ending the 30-month civil war in Syria following the August 21 chemical attack near Damascus, which the United States estimates killed 1,400 people. The response to the heinous use of chemical weapons has created diplomatic momentum the first signs of unity in far too long, Ban said. Now we must build on it to get the parties to the negotiating table, he said. Ban noted that the vast majority of the more than 100,000 dead in Syria were killed by conventional weapons. We can hardly be satisfied with destroying chemical weapons while the wider war is still destroying Syria, Ban said. It is time to end the killing and reach the peace the Syrian people need and deserve, he said. US President Barack Obama and French President Francois Hollande had initially called for military action against Syria in response to the chemical attack, calling for accountability.